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28 July 2017, 02:28 | Katie Chavez
Globally more than 240 million people are affected with chronic liver infection caused by Hepatitis
World Hepatitis Day takes place on July 28 each year with a goal of increasing awareness about hepatitis and how individuals can take steps to prevent new infections or gain access to curative treatments.
As per recent statistics, about 400 million people around the world are living with Hepatitis B or C. Of these, 52 million are in India alone. This later develops into cirrhosis, when the scarring takes over most of the liver. The other countries include Brazil, China, Egypt, Indonesia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nigeria, Pakistan, Uganda and Vietnam.
However, the organisation cites an irregular supply of test kits as one of the most commonly reported barriers to screening.
The disease affects hundreds of millions of people worldwide, causing both acute and chronic liver disease. "We hear a lot about testing and treatment, but really it's also about prevention", Gottfried Hirnschall, MD, MPH, director of the department of HIV and the Global Hepatitis Program at World Health Organization, said during a press conference.
Hepatitis C can be transmitted sexually and congenitally.
"Having a treatment which will cure everyone will help with awareness and getting people in [to be tested]". And the prices have come down even in high- income countries to lower levels. There are five main hepatitis viruses - A, B, C, D and E. Hepatitis may also be caused by alcohol use, autoimmune diseases and certain medications. As part of the World Hepatitis Day, it is essential to spend an hour on testing the HBsAg and HCV in infertility couples. The symptoms of hepatitis range from jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes), dark urine and extreme fatigue, to nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain.
The disease is usually acute, but can be particularly risky in pregnant women.
Not all Hepatitis C infections need treatment, as the immune response of the body clears up the infection and some people with chronic infection don't develop liver damage.
That picture is starting to change, however. It is, however, only the virus that is transmissible. Now, however, people are acquiring the infection from pigs and pork products (via ingesting the meat or faecal contamination) in countries like the United Kingdom and France.
Hepatitis A Virus: According to Web MD, this is the least complicated type of hepatitis, and doesn't usually lead to long-term infections. It may have short-term impact or may become chronic, depending on its type, immunity of the patient, spread and timely diagnosis. "When infected, the patient may experience flu-like symptoms".
He said the theme for the year's celebration is "Eliminate Hepatitis", adding that the campaign against the disease was aimed at adding momentum to all efforts to implement the National Strategic Plan for the control of viral hepatitis.
The government of India has included Hepatitis A and B under its vaccination programme. "This may seem a small number but it could mean the problem is becoming more prevalent in the larger community". This can result in the real possibility of developing fatal liver disease at some point in their lives and in some cases, unknowingly transmitting the infection to others.
It is important to be educated about the different kinds of hepatitis virus and how they all spread. "In one study in Asia, a liver transplant patient with continuously elevated liver enzymes was found to have picked up HEV from a camel". And if we have to go by some surveys done in the past, it is said that 40 million Indians carry the virus.
Symptoms of hepatitisFEEA2F Hepatitis C Virus Diagnosis.
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