The latest statistics came out this week in two reports, one by the United NationsAIDS agency, the other by the World Health Organization.
Injections may represent the "next revolution" in HIV therapy, he added. Here, almost 1.2 million people live with HIV, and one in five doesn't know it. African-Americans are particularly hard-hit, accounting for about half of infections. The celebration was premature, however: The virus returned shortly after that announcement, and the young girl had to be put back on medications.
The percentage of the adult population living with HIV ("HIV prevalence") was 27.0 percent: 32.5 percent among females and 20.4 percent among males. Last year, data showed that 83% of the HIV infection cases was sexually transmitted. Only one person is thought to be cured - the so-called Berlin patient, a man who had a bone marrow transplant in 2007 from a donor with natural resistance to HIV.
As of 2016, 70 percent of people with HIV knew their HIV status.
Of these, it is not clear how many have TDR HIV. What has been lacking, until now, is evidence that increasing the proportion of people with HIV who have fully suppressed viral load is associated with a decline in new HIV infections.
Current treatments keep HIV under control but must be taken lifelong.
"As we bring the epidemic under control, health outcomes are improving and nations are becoming stronger", stressed the director. "If in this moment we don't figure this out and really get these programs to scale, we're not going to have the impact on the epidemic we were hoping to have", said Deborah Birx from the U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator, according to CGTN America. "These findings show a dramatic transformation in Swaziland where, at one time, HIV was destabilizing family structures, communities, and its economy. It is especially important that we sustain and strengthen our collective engagement with Swaziland's youth to ensure that we achieve an AIDS-free generation". "Antimicrobial drug resistance is a growing challenge to global health and sustainable development", said Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, MD, WHO Director-General. "It is hard to work out education programs like giving out free condoms and all because we are accused of propagating free sex", he told theSun via a phone interview.
Sixty per cent of all people on anti- retroviral therapy live in east and southern Africa, which, along with west and central Europe and the Americas, is on target to meet the 90-90-90 targets, said the report. "ICAP is honored to have played a role in helping to support this successful scale-up".
PHIA survey findings have already helped Malawi, Zambia, and Zimbabwe focus resources on urgent program priorities. Stigma and discrimination is still a major barrier in accessing HIV services and hampering the national response to HIV. News releases, fact sheets and other NIAID-related materials are available on the NIAID website.
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